Power supply and fuse monitoring module
This module was part of the rack box project — which was terminated when I moved out of my first apartment.
Simple monitoring module for the essentials in the rack box project; power supplies, fuses and communication. Uses an AVR AT90S2313 microcontroller.
This was the first AVR microcontroller module I ever built, it was made for and installed in the rack box project. As the name suggests it monitored that the essentials were OK, that means power supplies, fuses and communication. It used optocouplers to detect if the 5 or 12 V power supply failed, but depended on other modules for the fuse, emergency supply and communication failure.
When a situation were detected the corresponding LED would flash, and there was a sound signal. These LED outputs were later also used to notify other modules, like the controller for the stack lights and the sound alarm control unit. So it was a daisy chain of connected inputs and outputs.
One problem with monitoring the 12 V power supply was that this module needed 12 V to work... So it bypassed the 12 V main fuses, but if that supply failed completely the monitoring module would also fail. And thus no alarms, it wasn't really a bullet-proof solution :p
To make sure the server was present, responding and the I/O module was OK; a heartbeat signal was sent every 60 seconds. If this signal went silent for over 310 seconds, meaning 5 minutes and a bit, the server was regarded as timed out and the alarm sounded.
Emergency supply failure
Without the emergency supply voltage the emergency stop would not work, so that was important. A ?N.C? relay was connected to this supply, and if the supply dropped the relay would activate the emergency failure input.
Power supply failure
The 5 and 12 V supply were monitored with internal optocouplers, so if any voltage or polarity was dropped; it was detected by the module. When a 24 V power supply was added later an additional optocoupler was installed between 5 V ground and the monitoring module input.
Try and try again
This being the my very first AVR microcontroller project, it took a bit of time to get it to work and I made some schematic mistakes. That's why you can see a few extra strip boards stuffed into the box in the image gallery, I used the wrong resistor values for all the inputs and had to redo those. That was also when I added the optocouplers.
In retrospect I don't think the module was very useful, but it was a fun learning experience back then. If a main power supply fails, it is going to have a big impact. Like if the 5 V supply failed, all microcontrollers would stop. Meaning no controller would be alive to receive the error signal. If the 12 or 24 V supply dies there would be no horn, sirens or lights to show the error. So it seems that the best option for a monitoring module like this would have been to have been completely self sufficient, own warning lights, horns etc. And a battery failover. Maybe next time :)
- Server heartbeat
- Fuse error (N.O)
- Emergency supply failure (see Emergency shutdown unit) (N.O)
- 5V supply (N.C)
- 12V supply (N.C)
- Buzzer (not in use)
- Error signal (to Signal and lights controlling unit)
- Fuse error LED
- Supply failure LED
- Lifelight (built-in LED)
- Lifesignal (to Module stability monitoring unit 2)
- Server timeout LED
- Yellow 12V+
- Blue 0V
- Black Server lifesignal (in)
- Red Fuse error (in)
- Purple Emergency supply failure (in)
- Green 5V+ supply (to optoisolator)
- White 5V- supply (to optoisolator)
- Orange 12V+ supply (to optoisolator)
- Brown 12V- supply (to optoisolator)
- Green Buzzer (out)
- Yellow Error signal (out)
- Orange Fuse error (out)
- Grey Supply failure (out)
- Brown Lifesignal (out)
- Cyan Server timeout (out)